Design Guidelines - Grass

Suregreen PP50 Design Guidelines
50mm Permeable Paving Grids with a Grass Finish

All of our design guidelines are written with best practice in mind. It is strongly advised that any questions raised from the guidelines are directed to our technical team.

When PP50 porous pavers are installed correctly to suit site conditions, they should provide source control within a SuDS system (Sustainable Urban Drainage Systems). Drainage must be a consideration when designing a construction profile to ensure that flood alleviation and water run-off is properly considered where natural infiltration may not be capable of withstanding all eventualities.

Questions to be considered

a). Does the proposed installation area drain well already? 

b). Is there planned to be a slight fall to be built into the design to perhaps aid drainage, is needed?

c). Is the drainage capability of the soils the same at the surface and at 200 to 500mm below the surface?

d). Have there been previous issues with drainage on site?

e). Has disposal of any excess water been considered?

f). Are there SuDS requirements to be considered?

g). Is there a slope greater than 5%?

We would advise speaking to our technical team regarding any of these questions for further guidance.


  1. If a geogrid is being considered as part of the construction profile, please ensure that at least 25% of the particle size of the sub-base is bigger than the mesh size to ensure good shearing/locking.
  2. Sub-base particle size ideally should not exceed 60mm, and should be less than 5% fine material of content of the whole. Please ask for technical guidance if you are unsure.
  3. Please refer to tables 1 & 2 for guidelines to the depth of sub-base for specific design profiles to suit different site needs. Please note - if a geogrid is omitted, 50% of the depth of sub-base needs to be added to calculated depth with a geogrid. For example, 100mm with geogrid would become 150mm without.  For detailed guidance, please contact our technical team.
  4. It is always good practice to confine PP50 plastic pavers on the site's edges. This could be something as strong as 150 x 150mm concrete kerbs or a simple barrier such as treated timber. The type of vehicles, frequency of traffic and circulation routes should all be considered when choosing the confinement method for PP50 in the design.
  5. PP50 has been designed to work within stated guidelines to a slope of 5% or less. PP50 permeable pavers can be used on steeper slopes in some cases - please get in touch for further guidance.
  6. Ideally, the sub-base should extend out further than the surface area of PP50. This is so that lateral pressures caused by the traffic loading does not displace the pavers on the edge. The extension of sub-base outwards should be the same as the depth of the sub-base. Please see the schematic for detail.


Optional edging kerb

8). Root-zone 60/40 should be used for the bedding and filling of the cells of the SUREGREEN PP50 grass pavers. (Please see Installation document for further details regarding the root-zone specification). Using soils won on site / reused for excavation are very likely NOT to have any medium to long term success due to poor nutrition and drainage properties.  Mixing soils on site is also not advised.  Please feel free to ask for technical advice.


Note on drainage

Any sub-base used in the construction profile should be permeable – for example MOT Type 3.  It should be predominantly fi ne material free and able to compact well without losing integrity, stability and permeability/porosity.  MOT type 1 can be used but drainage channels need to be considered – please see the schematic. 

For any detail on specification for design not covered in above please contact our technical team.


Table 1 – Typical Sub-Base Thickness (with/without geogrid)

Consistency

CBR % (Strength of Subgrade Soil)

Sub-base Thickness


Light Vehicles, Cars, Vans and Overflow Parking

= 1 < 2

260mm

= 2 < 4

135mm

= 4 < 6

100mm

= ≥ 6

100mm

Lorries, Coaches, Fire Engines and Occasional HGV usage

= 1 < 2

380mm

= 2 < 4

190mm

= 4 < 6

120mm

= ≥ 6

100mm

*If a geogrid is not used, sub-base thickness should be increased by 50%

 

Table 2 – Field Guidance for estimating sub-grade strengths

 

Consistency

Indicator

Product

Tactile (feel)

Visual

Mechanical (test)

SPT

CBR

%

CU

kN/sqm

 

Very Soft

Hand sample squeezes through fingers

A man standing will sink > 75mm

 

< 2

 

< 1

 

< 25

 

Soft

Easily moulded by finger pressure

A man walking sinks 50 – 70 mm

 

2 - 4

 

Around 1

 

Around 25

 

Medium

Moulded by moderate finger pressure

A man walking sinks 25mm

 

4 - 8

 

1-2

 

25 - 40

 

Firm

Moulded by strong finger pressure

A Utility truck ruts 10-25mm

 

8 - 15

 

2 - 4

 

40 - 75

 

Stiff

Cannot be moulded but can be indented by thumb

Loading construction vehicle ruts 25mm

 

15-30

 

4 - 6

 

75 - 100

 

Suregreen Limited, 2 Croft Way, Eastways Industrial Estate, Witham, Essex, CM8 2FB

Call: 01376 503869 

Email: [email protected] 

Website: www.sure-green.com

Recommended Products